Abstract

The Green revolution of India

In 1965, the first High Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds were introduced into Indian agriculture, kicking off the Green Revolution. To improve the harvest, this was combined with better and more effective irrigation and the proper use of fertilisers. The Green Revolution's ultimate goal was to make India self-sufficient in food grains. India had to reconstruct its economy after 1947. Agriculture supported more than three-quarters of the population. However, India's agriculture has a number of issues. To begin with, grain productivity was quite poor. And, due to a lack of irrigation and other infrastructure, India was still reliant on the monsoon. So, in 1965, the government began the Green Revolution with the support of Indian geneticist M.S. Swaminathan, recognised as the "Father of the Green Revolution." The movement was a huge success and lasted from 1967 through 1978. For the first time in Indian agriculture, HYV seeds were introduced. These seeds performed better with wheat crops and were especially successful in areas with adequate irrigation. As a result, the first stage of the Green Revolution concentrated on states with stronger infrastructure, such as Punjab. During the second phase, HYV seeds were sent to a number of different states, and crops other than wheat were included in the plan. Proper irrigation is one of the most important requirements for HYV seedlings. Crops grown from HYV seeds require varying quantities of water during their growth. As a result, the farmers cannot rely on monsoons. Inland irrigation systems around fields in India were greatly enhanced as a result of the Green Revolution. The plan focused mostly on food grains such as wheat and rice. Commercial crops such as cotton, jute, oilseeds, and other cash crops were not included in the plan. Fertilizer supply and use should be increased to boost farm output. To minimise crop loss or damage, insecticides and weedicides are used. Finally, technology and machinery such as tractors, harvesters, and drills were introduced. â?¢ The impacts of green revolution â?¢ Increased agriculture production â?¢ Increase productivity of crops â?¢ The graph of import got nosedived. â?¢ Increase in employment


Author(s):

Hazel Grace



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Journal of Nutraceuticals and Food Science received 200 citations as per google scholar report

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