Journal of Nutraceuticals and Food Science is a scientific, open-access, peer reviewed journal providing an International platform to publish eminent research outcomesfrom all over the world by renowned research scholars, therefore aiding in enhancing the quality of the journal. The Journal comprises original research articles, review articles, short communication, commentary and other type of articles describing a broad range of topics in the field of Nutraceuticals and Food Science which include advancement in Organic vitamins, Prohormones, Protein powder, Nutrient supplements, Antioxidants supplements, Weight loss Nutraceuticals, Multivitamins, Natural vitamins, Proteins, Nutraceutical companies, Nutraceutical technology process, Organic & Inorganic supplements, Medical nutrition, Phytonutrients, Nutricosmetics, Nutraceuticals in chronic diseases etc. The journal follows stringent peer-review process only after which an article is accepted for publication.
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Vitamins are defined as organic components in food which are essential for growth of a person. Small quantities of vitamins should be taken in diet in order to be healthy. Vitamins are divided into two categories:
a. Fat soluble vitamins: These are defined as vitamins which are dissolved in fat and stored in liver until fat tissue absorbs. Eg- Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E and Vitamin K.
b. Water soluble vitamins: water soluble vitamins are defined as vitamins which are dissolved in water before it is absorbed by the body. Eg : Vitamin C and Vitamin B complexes.
Prohormones are defined as the precursor of hormones. Prohormones have minimal hormonal effect . Prohormones have an ability to increase size and strength of a person. These supplements are designer steroids that are taken orally and processed through the liver. Some of these products are stronger than others and have more side effects. These products come in two different forms wet and dry. Wet are normally used in bulking cycles and dry for cutting or leaning out. Wet cycles or "bulking cycles" normally produce more estrogen in the body so some athletes use a estrogen blockers with their cycle. Dry compounds or "cutting compound" can cause joint pain so using a joint support supplement maybe nesecary. Eg: Proinsulin and pro-opiomelanocortin.
Protein powder is a dietary supplement which is made from one or four sources of proteins (wheat, egg, soya and rice). Proteins are processed into powder form which can be reconstituted into liquid or protein shake. It is used as an alternative form of medicine which increases the health of person.Whey protein is used for improving athletic performance, as a food supplement, as an alternative to milk for people with lactose intolerance, for replacing or supplementing milk-based infant formulas, and for reversing weight loss and increasing glutathione (GSH) in people with HIV disease.Whey protein is also used for protein allergy, asthma, high cholesterol, obesity and weight loss, preventing allergies in infants, late-stage cancer, and colon cancer.
Nutritional supplements are defined as those nutrients which are meant for supplement but not substitution. The word "supplement" means exactly that: a nutrient or group of nutrients (vitamins, minerals, protein, carbohydrates, fats and oils) that are meant to supplement, but not substitute for a healthy diet that you eat on a regular basis. Nutrition supplements come in a variety of forms: pills, capsules, powders, liquids, and even in gel form. The cost of nutrition supplements can range from almost "at cost" to being outrageously expensive. Nutritional supplements are used to boost up the nutrient content of the diet.
Antioxidants are defined as a molecule which reduces oxidation of molecules. Oxidation is defined as a chemical reaction where loss or increase 0f electrons takes place in oxidation state. Oxidation produces free radicals, in turn they produce chain reactions. Antioxidant supplements are used to increase oxidation level in the reaction. Antioxidants work by fighting free radicals. “Free radicals are unstable molecules that, if left unchecked, can damage the cells and impair their function.Your body creates free radicals when you break down food, and they can also come from outside sources, such as pollution and smoking. The damage they cause has been linked to aging, as well as diseases like Alzheimer’s and cancer.Antioxidants neutralize these free radicals.
Weight loss Nutraceuticals are defined as those Nutraceuticals which are used for loss of weight. Weight loss Nutraceuticals are given in the form of pills. Generally Nutraceuticals provides medicinal and health benefits. So we can use Nutraceuticals for weight also. They should minimize oily foods.Following are the examples for Weight loss Nutraceuticals:
a. EGCG: An antioxidant found in green tea, this substance may help your body burn fat by its ability to increase thermogenesis (heat production), which in turn uses up stored fat as energy.
b. Capsaicin: A chemical found in spicy foods such as jalapeños, habaneros, and cayenne peppers, capsaicin can amp up your calorie burn and suppress your appetite.
c. Caffeine: This natural stimulant that’s found in coffee and caffeinated teas can help you burn fat by boosting your basal metabolic rate, or BMR.
Multivitamins are defined as those preparations which are intended to be a dietary supplement and other nutritional elements. Multivitamins are available in the form of tablets, capsules, powders, liquids and injectable formulations.multivitamins come in all shapes and sizes too, and we ve one for everybody no matter what stage at life you are at. Multivitamins are a great way of getting a balanced amount of the right vitamins and minerals and at Healthspan.Healthy eating remains the best source of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. A multivitamin is not a substitute for healthy food or a healthy lifestyle, but it can provide a nutritional back-up for a less than ideal diet. If your diet eliminates whole food groups or you don’t eat enough variety of foods you would benefit from a once-daily multivitamin.
Natural vitamins are defined those vitamins which are occurred from nature or external environment. Vitamins are defined as an organic compounds which are essential in small quantities for physiologic and metabolic functioning of the body. we get them from our daily diet, from sunshine, or from store bought capsules or liquids, vitamins are vital to our health and to the proper functioning of our bodies.Vitamin deficiencies lead to a wide range of problems spanning from anorexia to obesity, organ malfunction, confusion, depression and fatigue.
Nutraceutical companies are those companies which produce or manufacture nutraceuticals for market. Examples of companies are microsite companies, featured companies etc.Scope of products of Nutraceutical Manufacturing companies has added to an extraordinary notoriety for themselves in the medicinal world. Our Nutraceuticals have an extensive variety of uses in diversified industries. Our additional normal Nutraceuticals have pacified numerous customers with their surpassing guidelines.
Nutraceuticals market analysis is a comprehensive analysis of various aspects of industry performance, segmentation of nutraceuticals markets in various countries. The report specifies about some countries like Asia-Pacific, North America, Latin America and Europe related countries helps them for analysis purpose. comprehensive analysis of the various aspects of the industry including performance of nutraceuticals industry in major regions such as Asia-Pacific, North America, Latin America and Europe, along with leading geographic markets including the US, Japan, China, South Korea, the UK, Germany, France and Italy. The report also covers the segmentations of nutraceuticals markets in various countries by distribution, by positioning, by benefits, by types of products such as functional food & beverage and dietary supplements (vitamins, minerals), sports supplements, herbal supplements and by ingredients and others.
Organic supplements are defined as those which are used to increase the health of a patient. They are prescribed by doctor or physician. Generally organic supplements used are Certified organic food, certified organic protein, natural fish oil, organic amla, organic barley grass, organic chlorella etc.
Inorganic supplements are defined as those nutraceuticals which are given nutritional balance of a person. Supplements will be given in the form of suspensions, tonics and powders.Following are the examples for inorgainc supplements:
a.Calcium citrate is calcium carbonate processed with lactic and citric acids. It is used to alter the baking properties of flour.
b.Calcium glycerophosphate is calcium carbonate processed with dl-alpha-glycerophosphates. It is used in dentifrices, baking powder, and as a food stabilizer
Medical nutrition is defined as the nutritional medicines which uses food and nutrients in doses which are given in supplement forms for medical and therapeutic forms. Medicasl nutrition is available in the form of liquid, powders, suspensions etc.Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is a therapeutic approach to treating medical conditions and their associated symptoms via the use of a specifically tailored diet devised and monitored by a registered dietitian or professional nutritionist.
Nutraceutical is defined as a product derived from food source and it gives extra nutritional benefits in the diet. Nutraceuticals are the combination of nutrients and pharmaceuticals. Nutraceutical term was coined in 1989 by Stephen DeFelice. nutraceutical should provide a health benefit to the consumer that is greater than that ofa general food item. Nutraceuticals are considered to be one of the fastest growing areas of interest for human health and disease prevention. Canadian food processors/retailers understand these startling statistics, and are striving to increase expenditures in the nutraceutical and functional food market by "adding value" to their products.
Health products are defined as those substances which gives energy or makes the person healthy.Because of the current competitive environment, health care providers (hospitals, HMOs, physicians, and others) are constantly searching for better products and better means for delivering them. The health care product is often loosely defined as a service. Health products are vitamins, minerals, herbal medicines, homeopathic preparations, probiotics and even some traditional medicines are also prescribed by doctor or any equivalent physician.
Phytonutrients are also known as phytochemicals. Phytonutrients are defined as substances or products found in plants and helps to protect plants vitality. phytonutrients are certain compounds found in plants that evidence has shown to increase overall health and protect against certain diseases including cancer.They serve several functions in plants. They protect plants from germs, pesticides, fungi etc.though they’re of a different class then the traditional nutrients of fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals.
Nutricosmetics are defined as nutritional supplements which supports the function and structure of skin.Many micronutrients have this effect. Vitamin C, for example, has a well established anti-oxidant effect that reduces the impact of free radicals in the skin. Nutricosmetics reduces the impact of free radicals in the skin. In cosmetics preparations several micronutrients are used. Micronutrients like omega 3 fatty acids, carotenes etc. Skin care products are also becoming increasingly segmented according to the type of problem they treat, as well as targeting different parts of the body. This trend is starting to proliferate in nutricosmetics, with products offering similar targeted benefits.
The term Nutraceutical coined to describe substances which are not traditionally recognized nutrients however that have positive physiological effects on the organic structure. they are doing not simply constitute the legal class of food and drug and sometimes inhabit a gray space between the two. Risk of toxicity or adverse result of medication junction rectifier us to contemplate safer nutraceutical and practical food based mostly approaches for the health management. This resulted in a worldwide nutraceutical revolution. The nutraceutical revolution can lead us into a new era of medication and health, during which the food industry can become a analysis, directed one like the pharmaceutical trade.industry.
Author(s): A.K Johnson
Author(s): Rachel Miller
Author(s): Bruno Riccardi1*, Santiago De Paoli2 & Sergio Resta3