Foodborne Pathogens

Covid 19,pandemic,has shown that if immune system is weak then person gets problem with the organism like
pathogens.More than 250 foodborne diseases have been found caused by pathogens.Most of them are caused by a
variety of bacteria, viruses and parasites.Harmful toxins and chemicals.Nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps and
diarrhea,are some of the common symptoms. However, symptoms may differ with their categary,like…

Campylobacter bacteria is the most common, in USA. Escherichia coli (E. coli) are a large and diverse group of
bacteria. Although most strains of E. coli are harmless, others can make one sick. Some kinds of E. coli can cause
diarrhea, while others cause UTI(urinary tract infection, respiratory illness,pneumonia etc. E. coli can be found in
drinking water.Six pathotypes are associated with diarrhea and collectively are referred to as diarrheagenic E.
coli.Botulism is a rare but serious illness caused by a toxin that attacks the body’s nerves with weakness of the muscles
that control the eyes, face, mouth and throat.with difficulty in breathing and even death. Listeriosis is a serious
infection usually caused by Listeria monocytogenes. An estimated 1,600 people get listeriosis each year and 260 die.
Norovirus is a very contagious virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea. Touching contaminated surfaces & putting
unwashed hands in mouthSalmonella bacteria cause about 1.35 million infections, 26,500 hospitalizations, and 420
deaths in the United States every year.Shigella bacteria cause an infection called shigellosis. Most people recover
without needing antibiotics. Staph food poisoning is a gastrointestinal illness caused by eating foods contaminated
with toxins produced by bacterium Staphylococcus.Precautions- Washing hands with soap.Keep veg and nonveg food
separately.Food is safely cooked with proper internal temperature.


Dr Prakash Kondekar

Abstract | PDF

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